Revelation 6:3-4

Taking Peace from the Earth – Red Horse

Revelation 6:3-4

3: And when he had opened the second seal, I heard the second beast say, Come and see.
4: And there went out another horse that was red: and power was given to him that sat thereon to take peace from the earth, and that they should kill one another: and there was given unto him a great swor

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Revelation 6:3-4 – Red Horse

Jesus Opens the Second Seal – Red Horse

The horse and rider represent taking peace from the earth, bringing war.

3. “Come and see”.

The beast with the face of a calf/ox steps forward and brings John’s attention to a red horse and rider.

4. Rider upon a red horse that represents taking peace from the earth.

  • Red in this case stands for warfare and blood to be spilled.
  • Strife between men brings on bigger fights leading to wars.

The red horse and rider don’t necessarily have to bring war to the earth.

  • Take the peace from people’s hearts and war begins.
  • The red horse has been on this earth for an awfully long time already, but now brings more wars, battles, and strife.
  • Today we see more arguments, fights, bombing, killings, shootings, etc. of man against man then ever.

The Days Ahead

The days ahead, shown in the Book of Revelation, will be worse than anything we have seen to date!

  • Why? Because many people have not and are still not paying attention to the Holy Spirit’s warnings.
  • Many are living a life of death.
  • They are following Satan and have not repented.
  • God has sent this horse and rider out into the world to create turmoil in hopes of people turning to him for help and salvation before His judgements begin.
  • These seals (birthing pains) are just the beginning pains of what lies ahead.
  • God wishes for no one to be lost.

What’s Another Way Peace Can Be Taken?

Another way that peace can be taken is based on an individual’s decision to accept or reject Jesus. 

  • By rejection, the person misses out on the spiritual peace that comes from being a Christian.
  • By accepting Christ, the person is possibly at the center of opposition from non-believers.
  • It is now a world in turmoil.

I remind you – the Holy Spirit is always inside Christians, enabling us to deal with whatever comes our way.

  • Unfortunately, there will be more of this type of persecution throughout the tribulation and great tribulation periods than ever before.

God will never force you to become his child Psalm 32: 8-10

Psalm 56:3-4 When I Am Afraid, I Will Trust In God

Love God enough to make him the center of your life Psalm 84: 10-12

Revelation 6:1-2

Revelation 6:1-2 – First Seal – White Horse

Won Victory Over the Enemy

  • 1: And I saw when the Lamb opened one of the seals, and I heard, as it were the noise of thunder, one of the four beasts saying, Come and see.
  • 2: And I saw and behold a white horse: and he that sat on him had a bow; and a crown was given unto him: and he went forth conquering, and to conquer.
The Revelation of Jesus Christ  Revelation 6:1-2 Jesus opens the first seal.
Revelation 6:1-2

Revelation 6:1-2

In Revelation 5:14 we read that the Living things and John were in heaven. Then in Revelation 6:1-2 John saw the horse and rider, which leads me to conclude that this event is now taking place in the throne room of heaven. The Lamb has just taken the scroll from the right hand of the one sitting on the throne. Following that, the 4 living things and the 24 elders bowed down before the Lamb. Thousands of angels appeared and all heaven and earth praised God and Jesus. All of this takes place in the throne room in heaven.

Following that, one of the living things summoned the first horse and rider to “come”. The living beast called them to heaven. Jesus will be opening the seals, one at a time, so it can’t be him on the first horse. If it were, who would open the rest of the seals?

So, I believe it is not Jesus riding the first horse.

  • When Jesus does come back to earth, yes, he will be riding a white horse.
  • The names: Faithful and True, refer to Christ, when on his white horse.
  • He also has a name written on him that no-one knows.
  • Whereas, the white horse summoned by the living thing, does not have a name.
  • Also, when Jesus comes to earth, the armies of heaven will be following him.
  • There is no-one following the rider in this scenario!

Some people believe that the rider may be the imposter, the Antichrist (Satan).

  • For what reason would the living things send the Antichrist out from heaven?
  • Who in heaven would give the Antichrist a crown to wear?
  • Why would the Antichrist go out to defeat the enemy, to win the victory for heaven?
  • No, I don’t think the rider is the Antichrist either.

Jesus opens the 1st Seal

1. Then I heard one of the four beastssay in a noise like thunder,“Come and see”.

  • Who are the 4 beasts?
  • We just saw them in Revelation 4:6-9.

The 4 beasts’ (living things) main jobs are to declare the holiness of God, lead in worship and in the adoration of God. However, it appears they also hold a certain amount of power.

  • Each of the beasts call out to the horses to “come”, the horses are immediately present.
  • We know which beast calls out which seal.
  • Seal #1 – “one of the four living things” (Lion representing kingship).
  • #2 – “the second living thing” (Calf/ox representing strength).
  • #3 – “the third living thing” (Face of a man representing highest creation).
  • #4 – “the fourth living thing” (Flying eagle representing the Jewish symbol).
  • Revelation 4:6-9 tells us what they each represent.

The first Living Thing steps forward

The beast with the face of a lion steps forward and brings John’s attention to a white horse and rider. The symbol of a lion can represent both Jesus and Satan (1 Peter 5:8) because both have the lion’s characteristics.

Christ, having majestic power is the symbol of a lion. Whereas Satan is the lion who walks about roaring, as a lion. He uses his powers in a destructive manner. Both have the following characteristics.

  • Strength.
  • Predatorial.
  • Ferocity.
  • Leadership.
  • Kingship.
  • Majestic. (Satan to his own people)

In the Bible, the colour white is usually associated with:

  • Purity Light
  • Goodness Heaven
  • Brilliance Illumination
  • Cleanliness Sterility
  • Spirituality Perfection.

2. On the first horse, the white one was a rider with a bow. He was given a crown and then went forth conquering and to conquer.

Who was this rider?

Although Christ will return on a white horse – this is not Jesus Christ. I deem this horse and rider represents The Holy Spirit sent out by Jesus, with the Word of God.

  • We know that Jesus is in heaven opening the seals.
  • Could it be the Antichrist?
  • Probably not, as this horse and rider were sent out from heaven by a living being.
  • I doubt the Antichrist would have been given a crown from heaven.
  • I also doubt he would be sent out from heaven to do the Lord’s work.
  • This rider was sent out to defeat the enemy (Satan) and win the victory for God.
  • Why would the Antichrist want to do that? He wouldn’t!

Why was the Holy Spirit and Word of God sent out?

  • The assignment that had been planned since the foundation of the world has now been achieved.
  • Jesus’ death, crucifixion and resurrection were successful.
  • Then Jesus returned to heaven as the “winner”.
  • Jesus then sent the Holy Spirit to earth at Pentecost.
  • We know from history that the Word of God spread quickly after Pentecost.
  • With the Good News message – Jesus died so that we could live!

What is the Holy Spirit’s Mission in Revelation 6:1-2?

The Seals are about to bring much devastation to the world.

  • First the Holy Spirit came to earth to empower the apostles. Why?
  • So they could take the Word of God and the Good News of Jesus out into the world.
  • Understanding God’s Word will prepare people for when the following Seals begin.

The Holy Spirit’s next assignment is to defeat the enemy and bring victory.

  • How?
  • He will accuse and convict people of their sin with hope that the unrighteous will become Christians.
  • James 4:17 – So whoever knows the right thing to do and fails to do it, for him it is sin.
  • See also Malachi 3:18, Isaiah 5:20, Matthew 6:23
God gave each person ever born an innate sense of morality. Every person knows right from wrong!
James 4:17

Satan begins to lose

  • And with the conversion away from Satan, people (now Christians) will read the Word, have like-minded friends, go to Church, etc.
  • As Christian’s, they will have a better understanding of why bad things happen on earth.
  • Christians (even today) are not exempt from the troubles but, can have a better understanding of why they are happening.
  • The one making bad things on earth happen are the result of sin on earth, caused by Satan!

The Holy Spirit will teach righteousness, love, peace, and joy, conquering the world of sin.

  • Immediately upon salvation, the Holy Spirit will comfort and live in the now righteous person.
  • He begins guiding and becomes an advocate, helper, and counselor for the righteous.
  • He is not just telling people about sin, he is making them understand that sin does exist.
  • And that the tragedy in our world is because of Satan, not God.
  • The Holy Spirit will live inside all Christians until the rapture, when we are taken to Heaven to be with God.

Holy Spirit is God

The Holy Spirit has always been 1/3 part of God and has been since before the beginning of time.

  • We see that the Holy Spirit had an incredibly special job to do after Jesus won on the cross.
  • He was sent at Pentecost to be with the apostles.
  • Following Pentecost, the Church Age began.
  • In the same manner, I believe the Holy Spirit was given the task to advance what Jesus had started.
  • He will be the guiding force of the birthing pains!

Has a bow and given a crown?

So, if Jesus was the conqueror (at the cross), why does the Holy Spirit have a bow and is given a crown?

  • Through-out the first 4 seals, the Holy Spirit will be conquering sin and winning souls.
  • The bow will be used to administer the arrows against the people.
  • The arrows are ready and in position to be used at a time needed.
  • The crown given to the Holy Spirit shows His kingdom and positional power.

Regarding the Arrows

The 1st rider is carrying an archer’s bow.

  • However, there doesn’t seem to be any arrows.
  • Is a bow useful without arrows?

Bit of back history

Just before Moses death, God had him write a song and then read it to all his people. They were then taught to sing it as a song. God had given them a pre-warning.

The song explains in detail, how God’s people were heading into the new land and how they would begin to worship idols. Because of this, God would send one of Israel’s enemies to kill all those who were not living by the law and, worshipping idols. They ignored the warnings, and it happened as God said it would. As a result, God used the enemy to come against the covenant people. The arrows were shot upon them, just as Moses had written they would. The people of God, had not heeded the warning Moses sent in his final days.

Deuteronomy 32:23-25 KJV

  • 23 I will heap mischiefs upon them; I will spend mine arrows upon them.
  • 24They shall be burnt with hunger, and devoured with burning heat, and with bitter destruction: I will also send the teeth of beasts upon them, with the poison of serpents of the dust.
  • 25The sword without, and terror within, shall destroy both the young man and the virgin, the suckling also with the man of gray hairs.

Moses Song

We see exactly what type of arrows God used against his people.

  • Hunger.
  • Burning heat.
  • Bitter destruction.
  • Teeth of beast.
  • Poison of serpents.
  • The sword.
  • Terror.

So yes, the rider of Seal #1 has arrows that he can use!

  • God wanted his covenant people to stay faithful to him, so he used the arrows via enemies of Israel.
  • Furthermore, God still wants all people to be faithful to him and to turn to Jesus.
  • Therefore, the Lord God will use the arrows, helping people to see the light.
  • People still have a choice as to how they want to live. God will not force anyone to come to him.
  • God is the creator of everything good and Jesus is the way to salvation.

Recap – who is the Rider for Seal #1? Revelation 6:1-2

  • I believe that he is the Holy Spirit with the Word of God, being sent to earth at Pentecost.
  • The horse and rider have a job to do – represent Jesus Christ and the Gospel.
  • The Holy Spirit has been living on earth since Pentecost.
  • And, is still living inside born again Christians and saved Jews, even today.
  • In the 21st Century Bibles are printed at a rate of about 80 million per day.
  • Guinness Book of Records claim that between 5-7 billion copies have been sold in total.
  • Therefore, in my opinion, the Holy Spirit is doing his job very well.

Revelation 5:1-14

Who is Worthy?

Revelation 5:1-14

1: And I saw in the right hand of him that sat on the throne a book written within and on the backside, sealed with seven seals.
2: And I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice, Who is worthy to open the book, and to loose the seals thereof?
3: And no man in heaven, nor in earth, neither under the earth, was able to open the book, neither to look thereon.
4: And I wept much, because no man was found worthy to open and to read the book, neither to look thereon.
5: And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.

And I beheld

6: And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth.
7: And he came and took the book out of the right hand of him that sat upon the throne.
8: And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four and twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps, and golden vials full of odors, which are the prayers of saints.

And they sung a new song

9: And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation;
10: And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.
11: And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and the beasts and the elders: and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands;
12: Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing.

Every Creature in heaven and earth

13: And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, be unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever.
14: And the four beasts said, Amen. And the four and twenty elders fell down and worshipped him that liveth for ever and ever.

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Wooden picture of Jesus with outstretched arms.  Wording: The Revelation of Jesus Christ.  Revelation 5:1-14
Revelation 5:1-14

In Revelation 5:1-14 we find John in the throne room.

1. John’s attention is now on the scroll.

There were 7 seals on the scroll.

  • God; the Father was sitting on the throne and had the scroll in his right hand.
  • Usually a scroll usually written on one side.
  • Whereas, this scroll must contain a lot of information because it was written on both sides.

2. A strong angel asked who is worthy to break the seals and open the book.

  • The author writes “a strong angel”. Perhaps to show that regardless of earthly or heavenly strength, it can’t be opened.
  • In this case, no-one can open the seals.
  • In fact, the angel offered the scroll to anyone, anywhere.
  • That is to anyone who believed they might be able to open the seals.

3. No one could open the scroll.

  • As a result no one was mighty or worthy enough to open the scroll.
  • At this point, neither angels, elders, martyred, cherubim, demons, humans, were able to open it.

4. John began to cry.

  • John cried because no one had the authority.
  • Furthermore, no one was worthy enough to open the scroll or even look at it.
  • To John this may have meant that the oppression of the government and sin and sorrow on earth may never end.
  • Or perhaps John felt that God’s plan and execution would remain unopened.

5. An elder told John to stop weeping.

  • Although the elder may have been in a glorified human form, he would have been the one that John would feel most comfortable with.
  • Then he tells John to look and see that Jesus has won the victory.
  • That is, the Lion of the tribe of Judah and from the Root of David is Jesus.
  • Hallelujah! Jesus is the only one worthy to open the scroll and read it.

6. John is seeing the Lamb.

  • Now John is seeing Jesus as the slaughtered Lamb in heaven with God, at the throne.
  • In fact, Jesus is showing previous signs of a sacrifice, the lamb looked slain.
  • Furthermore, having seven horns and seven eyes.
  • Jesus is standing in front of God, the angels, the 4 living beings, elders, and everyone.
  • Meaning then, he is representing the sacrifice (as the Lamb).
  • That is, a sacrifice to accomplish God’s will had already been made by Jesus.


Now this Lamb (Jesus) has knowledge, wisdom, and power fulfilled perfectly: seven horns and seven eyes.

  • Because of Jesus’ sacrifice, he is no longer the meek Lamb.
  • In fact, the number 7 represents perfectness and completeness.
  • In the same way, the horn represents power – this is the infinite power of Jesus.
  • And, eyes suggest knowledge and wisdom.
  • Therefore, the 7 Spirits of God are Jesus’ perfectness, completeness, knowledge and wisdom.
  • See Supporting Notes for Revelation for 7 Spirits of God.
  • John was commanded to write about what he is witnessing.

The Lamb is worthy to take and open the scroll.

  • Jesus is worthy!
  • No one could open the scroll because no one else is strong enough (to unfold God’s plan).
  • However, the Lamb (Jesus) can unfold God’s plan.
  • And by fulfilling God’s redemptive plan on the cross, Jesus can unfold God’s plan.

7. The Lamb took the scroll out of the right hand of God.

  • So, God gave Jesus the authority to open the scrolls just as Jesus received the scroll,
  • Jesus is now capable to reading the scrolls, leading us through the coming events.
  • I believe it was then that God gave all of the coming heaven and earth into Jesus’ hands.
  • Make no mistake, God’s wrath will still take place during the seals, trumpets, and bowls/vials time frame, as planned.
  • However, the coming millennium kingdom will be completely ruled by King Jesus.

Jesus told John

Jesus had already told John in Revelation 1:1 that God had given Him the Revelation to show his servants.

  • “The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him”.
  • That is to say, Jesus took scroll acknowledging his acceptance.
  • I believe that this is the beginning of Jesus’ reign as King.

8. Living things and 24 elders

The 4 living things of heaven and the 24 elders bowed down before the Lamb to give him praise.

  • At this point, God recognizes and honour’s Jesus, for the work he accomplished on the cross.
  • In the same way, the elders and angels sing and play harps in service to God.
  • With their golden bowls full of incense, the elders symbolically present the prayers of the saints drifting to heaven.
  • As a result, Jesus is the only one worthy to open the scroll and to receive our praises.

9. The 4 beasts and the elders sang a new song – a song for Jesus Christ.

  • The 4 beasts and elders sang a brand new song for Jesus Christ.
  • Because, Jesus has become a King and deserves the new song and praises.
  • Furthermore, Christ has redeemed people to God by his shed blood.
  • Jesus was victorious over Satan in a way that no one expected.
  • That is, when Christ willingly gave up his earthly life on the cross.
  • He did that for every kindred, tongue, people, and nation, who accepts his gift.

10. Jesus brought salvation

Jesus brought salvation to those who come to him.

  • During the millennial kingdom, born again Christians shall reign under Jesus, on earth during the Millennial Kingdom.
  • The martyred who have received the salvation through Jesus Christ will also reign with Him.
  • The saints will have the positions of trust and will rule with God’s righteousness.

11. John hears voices of angels and the 4 beasts

Now John hears the voices of angels as they join the 4 beasts and elders, in song.

  • The angels surround the circle that is already standing round the throne.
  • At this point, John said there were 10 thousand x 10 thousand (equals 100 million of angels around the throne) and thousands of thousands.
  • Perhaps the angels were so countless that John could not explain just how many there were.

12. They sang a mighty chorus.

  • They sang declaring the worthiness of Jesus.
  • To the Lamb because of the redemption that he accomplished on the cross.
  • Furthermore, to receive power, riches, wisdom, strength, honour, and glory.
  • Therefore, everyone in heaven was singing a brand new song to Jesus.
  • Why a new song? Because Jesus had just come into his authority as King!
  • That is to say, a new King – a new song for Him!

13. Then every creature began to sing with them.

  • John noted that every creature in heaven and on earth and in the sea was worshipping, praising, and giving honor to God who sits on the throne forever and everand to the Lamb (Jesus).

14. Amen!

  • The 4 beasts say amen – they are approving of God’s decision – so be it!
  • 24 elders fell and worshipped Jesus.
  • All of heaven and earth and under the earth has welcomed Jesus as King.
  • Every creature has praised and given honour to the Father for giving Jesus the authority to open the scrolls and reign as King.

Jesus is now King!

  • We have just seen all of earth and heaven welcome Jesus as King.
  • Because of the events of Revelation 5, God is now handing the earth to Jesus.
  • Jesus is no longer the meek Lamb; he has become the Lion of Judah.
  • The King!
  • Revelation 5:1-14

Romans 8:31-32 Jesus is the ultimate gift.

Revelation 4:1-11

Revelation 4:1-11 – Worship In Heaven

Revelation 4:1-11

  • 1: After this I looked, and, behold, a door was opened in heaven: and the first voice which I heard was as it were of a trumpet talking with me; which said, Come up hither, and I will shew thee things which must be hereafter.
  • 2: And immediately I was in the spirit: and, behold, a throne was set in heaven, and one sat on the throne.
  • 3: And he that sat was to look upon like a jasper and a sardine stone: and there was a rainbow round about the throne, in sight like unto an emerald.
  • 4: And round about the throne were four and twenty seats: and upon the seats I saw four and twenty elders sitting, clothed in white raiment; and they had on their heads crowns of gold.
  • 5: And out of the throne proceeded lightnings and thunderings and voices: and there were seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God.

Before The Throne

  • 6: And before the throne there was a sea of glass like unto crystal: and in the midst of the throne, and round about the throne, were four beasts full of eyes before and behind.
  • 7: And the first beast was like a lion, and the second beast like a calf, and the third beast had a face as a man, and the fourth beast was like a flying eagle.
  • 8: And the four beasts had each of them six wings about him; and they were full of eyes within: and they rest not day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come.
  • 9: And when those beasts give glory and honour and thanks to him that sat on the throne, who liveth for ever and ever,
  • 10: The four and twenty elders fall down before him that sat on the throne, and worship him that liveth for ever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne, saying,
  • 11: Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created.
  • Read more
Wooden picture of Jesus  Text: The Revelation of Jesus Christ  Revelation 4:1-11
Revelation 4:1-11

1. Door Opened In Heaven

  • John heard a loud voice (like a trumpet) that was telling him to come and see the future.
  • In fact he had just finished writing to the 7 Churches and suddenly everything changed.

2. “Immediately I was in the Spirit”.

  • John had already said he was in the Spirit at Revelation 1:10.
  • This is a different experience, as John’s view is now in heaven.
  • John sees a throne “set in heaven”, which is occupied by God.

3. What’s happening at the throne in heaven?

John explained that the One who is sitting on the throne looked like the precious stones of jasper and sardine.

  • Notice John uses the words like and as because he can’t explain what he is seeing.
  • Why? Because, the magnificence of God was on the throne.
  • John compared God’s brilliance to the two most important stones that were worn in the breastplate by the high priests.
  • In fact, the stone of jasper represented Reuben, the first born of Jacob.
  • The stone of sardius represented Benjamin, the last born of Jacob.
  • They represent the first and the last. (One of God’s many names).
  • Each stone of the high priests holds a significant meaning such as purity, clarity, brightness etc.
  • So, perhaps this was the only way John could express the brilliance of the One on the throne.

There was a rainbow whose prominent colour was green.

  • A rainbow was given to Noah as a sign that God will never again destroy all flesh with a flood.
  • Perhaps, the rainbow in heaven was perhaps to show that newness and peace would take place following the events that would soon be revealed to John.
  • Possibly this rainbow is there to show that after God’s fury takes place, Jesus’ grace and mercy comes.

4. 24 Thrones and 24 Elders

  • There were 24 thrones in heaven.
  • Also, 24 elders dressed in white; having crowns on their heads.
  • These are not angels because angels would not sit on a throne.
  • However, whoever they are, it appears they are there to represent God’s people.
  • We also see the elders are sitting which denotes honour and rest.
  • Furthermore, they are dressed in white denotes holiness.
  • Even though, we are not told what kind of crowns they wore on their heads.
  • We do however, know that crowns are given by God for a job well done in some way.

The Bible doesn’t say exactly who the elders are.

  • Many believe the elders are one representative from each of the 12 tribes representing the Old Testament.
  • Plus, the 12 disciples of the New Testament. (Representing the New Testament)
  • In the same way, some believe these elders may be overcomers/believers.
  • We aren’t told who they are, but they are important to God.

5. Out of the throne came lightning and thundering and voices.

  • The “lightning and thundering” showed the majesty and awesomeness of God.
  • Perhaps it may also be showing that God’s fury has reached its time.
  • In fact, the voices appear to be the noise that the thunder makes.
  • Perhaps it’s the voice of God speaking.

Seven lamps of fire

There are seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven spirits of God.

  • Not 7 lampstands and 7 Spirits of God.
  • There are 7 lampstands burning with the 7 Spirits of God.
  • What are the 7 spirits of God?

6. Something that looked like a sea of glass.

  • The sea of glass is specifically spoken about in 2 places in the Book of Revelation.
  • Once in Revelation 4:6 and again at Revelation 15:2.
  • Both refer to being around the throne.
  • The glass was clear like crystal, most likely reflecting the qualities of God – Holy, glorious, and eternal.
  • Some authors say that it shows the floor of heaven is crystal clear.
  • The sea of glass also shows the purity in Heaven.
  • And John sees there are 4 beasts there also – beasts full of eyes.

These are not beasts

Furthermore, many authors say the word beast came in the translation and that the word beast degrades these heavenly beings.

  • In the KJV Bible, John calls them the four beasts.
  • Other Bible versions call them the living creatures or cherubim.
  • They could see before and behind. Meaning that they can see the past and the future or perhaps in front and in back or possibly they could see everything.

Cherubim or something different?

  • In Ezekiel 1 – Have the same faces as Revelation 4 but they have 4 wings.
  • Ezekiel 10 – Has a Cherubim face instead of an ox face and has 4 wings.
  • Ezekiel 10:20-22, calls the beasts cherubim.
  • Revelation 4 – Have the same faces as Ezekiel 1 but these have 6 wings.

7. Four beasts

The following are the 4 beasts (living things or creatures).

  • Jesus is the Lion of the Tribe of Judah.
  • Some authors/scholars think the 4 beasts may also have different traits.
  • First like a lion (kingship).
  • Second like a calf/ox (strength).
  • Third had a human face (highest creation).
  • Fourth was like an eagle in flight (Jewish symbol).

Each beast represents a different animal

However, others believe each beast represents a living creature.

  • Lion (wild animals).
  • Calf/ox (domesticated animals).
  • Human Face (man).
  • Eagle (bird/sea Kingdom).

Or perhaps both representations traits and living creatures apply.

8. Each animal had 6 wings

  • Eyes covered their wings inside and out.
  • Because of the eyes, they probably have greater insight than any man.

9. The beasts were praising the Lord

Day after day and night after night, the beasts were praising the Lord.

  • Meaning that, God will receive glory, honour, and thanks forever and ever.

10. Twenty-four elders bowing

We see that the twenty-four elders were also bowing before God and worshipping Him.

  • The elders cast their crowns to God.

11. Elders cry out

The 24 elders cry out that God is so worthy to receive glory, honour, and power.

  • It is right, for God to receive glory, honour and power.
  • Because it was by His will and desire that everything came into being.
  • Also, we all exist due only to the will of God, it is good that God should receive our praises.
  • Furthermore, God loves us enough that he sent his Son for our salvation.
  • And with thanks, it is only right that we should give him all the glory and honour he deserves.

The Lord God Almighty is worthy

God (which includes the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit) is more than worthy of our love and devotion.

  • It is right that we should glorify him.
  • God sent Jesus to earth to pay for our sins, so we would have a way to get into heaven, sin free.
  • Jesus suffered for all those who believe in Him.
  • At to that, Jesus died and was resurrected to life.
  • So that mankind can live eternally in heaven with him.
  • The Holy Spirit is living within us, comforting and guiding us.

Yes, the Lord God Almighty IS worthy of our love and devotion!! Revelation 4:1-11

JEREMIAH 10: 6-7 Who am I worshipping?

Revelation 3:14-22

Revelation 3:14-22 – Church of the Laodiceans

Wooden sculpture of Jesus. Text: The Revelation of Jesus Christ Revelation 3:14-22
Revelation 3:14-22

Revelation 3:14-22

  • 14 And unto the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write; These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God;
  • 15 I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot.
  • 16 So then because thou art lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will spue thee out of my mouth.
  • 17 Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked:
  • 18 I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and that the shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see.
  • 19 As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.
  • 20 Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me.
  • 21 To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne.
  • 22 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.
  • Read complete chapter here:

In the Church of the Laodiceans

Laodicea was a wealthy city during the Roman period.

  • Not only was Laodicea located on major trade routes that connected it to important cities likeEphesus, Smyrna and Sardis, but also a center of textile production and banking.
  • Jesus is telling the Church of Laodicea that he see’s they believe themselves to be wealthy.
  • However, even though the Church of Laodicea was important, Jesus saw them as neither hot nor cold.

14 Jesus Describes Himself

  • Jesus describes himself as the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God.
  • In other words, Jesus is saying that He is the one that all the promises of God are fulfilled through.

2 Corinthians 1:20 says:

  • 20For all the promises of God in him are yea, and in him Amen, unto the glory of God by us.

The promises God made to mankind (salvation, pardon of sin, grace, mercy, love, guidance, first death and eternal glory) through Christ are fulfilled on the day of glory.

  • The Lord himself said he is the “Amen” and so the promises are meant for forever to those who are righteous.
  • But, in fact is in complete contrast to the Church of Laodicea.

15 Jesus sees a bad quality in the Church

Jesus shows that he sees a bad quality in the Church of Laodicea with his opening address to them.

  • Christ addresses this particular letter to the leader of the church: “And unto the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write”.
  • He used this opening instead of opening “to the Church in (city)”, as he did the others.
  • Jesus appears to be saying they are a church all for themselves and are not being the Church of God in Laodicea.
  • I looked up the word “Laodicea” and found many meanings:
  • Public serving.
  • Popular or common.
  • Principle people.
  • Rulers.
  • Lukewarm.

16 I know thy works

I know thy works – Jesus see’s that He is nothing to them and tells them so.

  • The Laodicean’s are neither cold nor hot – but lukewarm. And they seem to be content with that.
  • They have not made any kind of commitment towards Jesus at all.
  • He wishes they were cold or hot because those attributes could be worked on.

They are immediately brought to judgement with a warning that if they don’t change, he will spew (vomit) them out of his mouth.

  • Jesus will give up on them if they don’t change quickly.
  • Meaning, that if you reject God, he will reject you!
  • This does not mean that if their names are written in the Book of Life, they will be removed.
  • It probably means that some of the people’s names were never written in the Book of Life, in the first place.

17 The Laodicean’s felt they were wealthy and rich.

  • As a result, they needed nothing from anyone (including Jesus).
  • Christ tells them they really have nothing at all.
  • In fact, despite what they may think, they were very poor.
  • Jesus explains just how poor they are: “wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked”.

18 Jesus urges the people

Jesus encourages them to turn to him and receive the important things in life (which do not include material things).

  • His gold – be rich in Christ. Because without him, they are nothing.
  • Naked – their souls were empty and would be eternally.
  • His white coverings – they didn’t have the covering of the purity in Jesus.
  • His eye salve – which would give them spiritual sight.
  • They had the pride of “being rich” both individually and in their Church.
  • Whereas without Christ they were very, very poor and had nothing at all.
  • They needed to stop believing all things were through their own making.
  • Because, it is God who supplies what we really need; not ourselves.

19 Jesus is reprimanding the church

Jesus is rebuking the Church in Laodicea so they will turn to him and see what is truly happening to them.

  • Jesus criticizes those he loves.
  • So, he tells the Laodicean’s that because of his love for them, he is giving them a chance to change.
  • Because, He wants them to get some spiritual fire and repent of their conceitedness.
  • And then, to turn to Him for salvation.

20 Turn from being the Church of the Laodicean’s

Jesus invites the Church of the Laodicean’s to become the Church in Laodicea.

  • Instead of being the Church of the people, Jesus wants it to be the Church of God in Laodicea.
  • He encourages them to hear his knocking on their hearts and as a result, to open it and allow him to enter.
  • In fact, Jesus is giving them a chance to repent and change their ways.
  • That is, if they open the door and invite him in, He will come in and spend time with them.

In the last letter to the 7 Churches

Then in this, the last letter, Jesus offers the same invitation to every individual.

  • If anyone anywhere or at any time hears the knock of Jesus on their heart and invites him in, Jesus will come in.

21 We (of all eras)

We have now been given instructions and told that those who overcome sin will be granted the opportunity to sit with the Son of God on His throne and be with him forever and ever.

  • Jesus has said repeatedly that these letters were not just for the Churches in John’s time but for all people through-out history.

22 For the final time John writes Jesus’ Message

In Revelation 3:14-22 John writes Jesus’ message one final time – “He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches”.

  • Do we have ears to listen and overcome?

Check out Who Am I Worshipping? JEREMIAH 10: 6-7

Revelation 3:7-13

Church in Philadelphia – The Church That Had Endured Patiently

Revelation 3:7-13

  • 7 And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth;
  • 8 I know thy works: behold, I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it: for thou hast a little strength, and hast kept my word, and hast not denied my name.
  • 9 Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship before thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee.
  • 10 Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth.
  • 11 Behold, I come quickly: hold that fast which thou hast, that no man take thy crown.
  • 12 Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: and I will write upon him my new name.
  • 13 He that hath an ear let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.
  • Read the complete chapter here:
Wooden picture of Jesus with outstretched arms  The Revelation of Jesus Christ Revelation 3:7-13 the Church in Philadelphia
Revelation 3:7-13 – Church in Philadelphia

Philadelphia was the youngest of the seven Churches.

The City of Philadelphia was a prosperous city. However, they had many gods and temples. John is explaining that Jesus (the Holy and True Lord) is dictating the note.

  • John is only penning the note as directed.

7 The Church of Philadelphia is being harassed

  • Jesus describes himself as: Holy and true. (John 14:6) So, what Jesus is about to say is the truth.
  • The unsaved Jews were giving the Church of Philadelphia a hard time.
  • Jesus wanted to assure the church that he holds the key of David.
  • Meaning it is Jesus who holds the key to salvation.
  • Perhaps the unsaved Jews believed that because they were from the line of Abraham, David, etc., they would automatically go to heaven.
  • Although Jesus was also born from the line of David, he is Israel’s promised King.
  • Also, the Lord and King of all heaven and earth.
  • Jesus is the only way to get into Heaven.
  • Therefore, it is Jesus that holds the key to open and shut the door to his kingdom.
  • In fact, no-one, except Him, can close it.
  • Furthermore, if Jesus shuts the door then no-one, except Him, can open it, once shut.
  • Jesus opens the door for all true born-again Gentiles and saved Jews (Messianic)
  • He closes the door on unsaved sinners.

8 Jesus is telling the Church of Philadelphia

  • He has seen their works and will now comment on them.
  • Jesus knows that this Church has served God well.
  • As a result, he has the power and authority to open the door for them.
  • That is to say, Jesus has opened the door to the Church (their names are written in the book of life).
  • So, they can continue to spread the good news of Jesus Christ without worry.
  • No one can shut it – as God will keep it open for them.
  • And furthermore, Jesus won’t shut it on them.

Jesus praises the congregation for having a little strength

  • “Little strength” in this case is not a bad thing. It means dependability on Jesus.
  • They have been depending on God in their weak moments of temptation.
  • Why? Because Jesus’ strength comes through in our weakness.
  • Jesus then praises the people, for keeping “My word” and not having denied “My name”
  • That is, being faithful and living a life according to Him.

9 Jesus has nothing bad to say against this Church.

  • Jesus finds nothing to say against Church of Philadelphia.
  • However, Jesus had much to say about the unsaved Jews trying to oppress them.
  • In this case, the Jews (of the Synagogue) who choose to reject Jesus are harassing the Church.
  • Jesus says the persecuting Jews were Jews in name only (who say they are Jews and are not, but they lie).
  • In fact, they have no spiritual connection to the people of faith. Possibly meaning men of faith like Abraham, David, etc.
  • Jesus tells us that the Jews who lie belong to the Synagogue of Satan.
  • One day the unsaved people will have to humble themselves to the faithful servants they once mocked.
  • With that act, the pretenders will finally see God’s love for the true believers of Christ.

10 The hour of trial.

  • This could be speaking of everyday troubles that all people (even born again Christians) will go through.
  • It does not mean that God will keep all troubles away from us. It means that Jesus will be with us as we go through it.
  • Or it may mean that Jesus will keep all born again gentiles and saved Jews from the tribulations of the end days.
  • Perhaps true believers will be taken away by the rapture before the 7 years of the end times tribulations.
  • Regardless, those who fail to accept the salvation offered by Jesus must endure God’s wrath.

11 Stay strong in faith

  • Jesus will come suddenly and unexpectedly
  • The Church of Philadelphia, born-again gentiles and saved Jews throughout all history are to keep the faith and stay strong in Jesus.
  • Furthermore, by keeping faith, no one can take away their crown of victory.
  • In the same way, neither will God give it away to others.

12 The people who overcome:

  • The people who keep the faith in Jesus will become leaders in the temple of God.
  • If the saved stand strong, Jesus will reinforce that strength in us.
  • “I will write my name” means that Jesus will acknowledge us if we acknowledge him.
  • As a result, we will be with Jesus forevermore in the New Jerusalem
  • In fact, New Jerusalem will come down from God (heaven).
  • The name “New Jerusalem” will be written on the saved by Jesus and will be with him eternally.

13 Jesus gives an invitation:

  • To all who have ears.
  • Listen to what Jesus said to the Churches.
  • This is a warning to all people of all eras.
  • Pay attention to what Jesus is saying to the Church of Philadelphia.
  • And take the same action.

Be strong in faith Romans 13: 14

Revelation 3:1-6

Revelation 3:1-6 – Church in Sardis

Revelation 3:1-6

The Church that seem alive but had fallen asleep.

  • 1 And unto the angel of the church in Sardis write; These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars; I know thy works, that thou hast a name that thou livest, and art dead.
  • 2 Be watchful, and strengthen the things which remain, that are ready to die: for I have not found thy works perfect before God.
  • 3 Remember therefore how thou hast received and heard, and hold fast, and repent. If therefore thou shalt not watch, I will come on thee as a thief, and thou shalt not know what hour I will come upon thee.
  • 4 Thou hast a few names even in Sardis which have not defiled their garments; and they shall walk with me in white: for they are worthy.
  • 5 He that overcometh, the same shall be clothed in white raiment; and I will not blot out his name out of the book of life, but I will confess his name before my Father and before his angels.
  • 6 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.
  • Read complete chapter here:
Wooden carving of Jesus with outstretched arms.  Text The Revelation of Jesus Christ - The Church in Sardis
Revelation 3:1-6 – Church in Sardis

Sardis was a wealthy city, but it was starting to decline.

  • The Church of Sardis was becoming a place of immorality and idolatry.
  • Jesus asks John to write a letter to the head leader (angel) of the Church.
  • Jesus is calling the leader an angel – he is not writing to an angel in heaven.

1 John write to the church of Sardis, that it is the Lord that is dictating the note.

  • Jesus, the one with the seven Spirits of God and the seven Stars is speaking.
  • John is only penning the note as directed.
  • Jesus describes himself: The number seven in the Bible describes completeness.
  • Jesus is saying that He is the fullness of God and the Church.
  • He tells them – you have a name that lives but you are dead.
  • See Revelation1:20 Revelation 1:8-20

2-3 I know your works – Jesus see’s all.

  • The Lord wants “works” that produce fruit, meaning they are not showing a good example of how a Christian should live.
  • We do not receive salvation from works however, God likes to see our works that bring salvation to others.

What Jesus has against them.

  • If you looked at the Church of Sardis, you would see signs of life and vitality, but they were dead (not all were living like a true Christian should).
  • In the church of Sardis, like the city of Sardis, everything seemed alive and good.
  • However, despite how they looked, their works haven’t been perfect before God.
  • They had lost their exuberance (life) in Jesus.

The first instruction from Jesus tells them to watchful and strengthened.

  • They need to examine and protect; strengthening what they have.
  • Obviously, it wasn’t too late to repent and change back to they way they were when they first accepted Jesus.

4 You have a few names.

  • Apparently only a few people in the Sardis Church, are still faithful to Jesus.
  • Jesus is happy with those few and finds them worthy for eternal life.

5 Rev.3:5 seems to imply that if we fall from grace our names will be erased from the book of life.

  • That is not the case!
  • He will “not blot it out” does not mean that he may blot it out.

Jesus is saying that he will not ever blot out the name of the righteous (a true Christian)!

  • God wrote the names in the book of life and those names will stay eternally.
  • God does not remove or add names to the book of life; ever!
  • If your name is already in the book, it will never be erased.
  • A true believer is righteous (good) and God knew that from the beginning of time.

God wrote names in the book of life even before time and creation existed.

  • Because God lives in eternity, he knew who would love him and those who would not.
  • God knew: the people who would be truly righteous.
  • And those who would accept salvation based on Jesus’ work on the cross.
  • God wrote the names of believers in the book of life, before he even created humans.
  • So, the Lord does not have to blot anyone’s name out.
  • Names of the unrighteous would not be in the book.
  • Names can never be added nor taken away from the Book of Life.

As an example:

  • The Lord once said to Moses “whosoever hath sinned against me, him will I blot out of my book”.
  • So, Moses asked God – if you can’t take away the people’s sins, then please blot my name from the book of life.
  • Moses was asking God to allow him to pay for the people’s sin.(Exodus 32:33)
  • However, we now know that a person cannot pay a penalty for someone else’s sin.
  • Jesus is the only one who can take away people’s sins.
  • Those who sin against God will not have their names written in the book in the first place.

Jesus gives hope to those who repent and overcome sin.

  • The offer of salvation is open to everyone.
  • However, God has given us free-will and we can chose how we want to live life.
  • Our Heavenly Father knows who will accept that offering.
  • Your name may be written in the book of life and you have been holding back.
  • If you’re sitting on the fence, jump off and accept Jesus.
  • Even after the rapture, many will come to Jesus, but it will be very hard to do so.
  • Now, today is the day!
  • Jesus will stand up for the righteous on judgement day, because He says he will.
  • The Lord Jesus will go before God and his angels and confess the names of the righteous.
  • However, as each day passes the window of opportunity is closing.
  • Soon it may be too late.
  • Confess and repent now!
  • Allow Jesus to be your Saviour for life eternal.

6 An invitation is given to all who have ears.

  • Listen to what Jesus said to the Churches.
  • And follow.

Prayer for Salvation Who am I worshipping? JEREMIAH 10: 6-7

Revelation 2:18-19

Revelation 2:18-19- Church in Thyatira

Revelation 2:18-19 – The Church praised for their way of life

  • 18 And unto the angel of the church in Thyatira write; These things saith the Son of God, who hath his eyes like unto a flame of fire, and his feet are like fine brass;
  • 19 I know thy works, and charity, and service, and faith, and thy patience, and thy works; and the last to be more than the first.

Revelation 2:20-24 – I have a few things against thee

  • 20 Notwithstanding I have a few things against thee, because thou sufferest that woman Jezebel, which calleth herself a prophetess, to teach and to seduce my servants to commit fornication, and to eat things sacrificed unto idols.
  • 21 And I gave her space to repent of her fornication; and she repented not.
  • 22 Behold, I will cast her into a bed, and them that commit adultery with her into great tribulation, except they repent of their deeds.
  • 23 And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches shall know that I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts: and I will give unto every one of you according to your works.
  • 24 But unto you I say, and unto the rest in Thyatira, as many as have not this doctrine, and which have not known the depths of Satan, as they speak; I will put upon you none other burden.

Revelation 2:25-29 You already hold fast

  • 25 But that which ye have already hold fast till I come.
  • 26 And he that overcometh, and keepeth my works unto the end, to him will I give power over the nations:
  • 27 And he shall rule them with a rod of iron; as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to shivers: even as I received of my Father.
  • 28 And I will give him the morning star.
  • 29 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.
  • Read the complete chapter here:
Carved Picture of Jesus with outstretched arms.  Text: The Revelation of Jesus Christ.  Revelation 2:18-29
Revelation 2:18-29

Revelation 2:18-19

The city of Thyatira was a business and trade center

  • The city of Thyatira was so small, there are no church records.
  • Some say that Thyatira didn’t even exist.
  • Others say perhaps it was not a Church but instead, a time 600AD-1500AD – The Dark Ages.
  • Regardless – Jesus had John write to this Church for a reason.
  • So, today, it is a message we must also read and have an ear to hear.

18 John is explaining to the Church of Thyatira that it is the Son of God (himself) that is dictating the note.

  • Jesus is dictating and John is only penning the note as directed.
  • Jesus describes his own divine nature:
  • Eyes – Jesus has penetrating eyes that see everything (even the hidden things).
  • Feet – brass – refined by fire, pure and strong.

19 The Church are praised for their works, love, service, faith, patience.

  • Jesus praises the church for their works two times in verse 19.
  • Even though they may have been small, (who or whatever they were) – Jesus knows what they have been doing.
  • Perhaps the first time “works” is mentioned, He was saying I have seen all the works (good and bad) you have been doing.
  • And then when using the word works a second time, he was speaking of the more commendable works they were now doing, as they were growing.

The last more than the first.

  • They had retained what they began with and then continued to grow in grace and in the love of Jesus and in their works.
  • Most Churches over time lose the fire they start with, but this Church had kept the fire and it had grown even more as time went on.
  • Apparently, to keep the fire going and continue to grow is a rare find in a Church!

20 Then they are told that Jesus has a few things against them.

  • They are told to repent for allowing Jezebel a “prophetess” into their Church.
  • Jesus tells them she is not even a prophetess, even though the Church has accepted her as one.

Jesus tells them the specific things she is doing, which is unacceptable to God, yet the Church is allowing.

  • Promoting sexual immorality.
  • Encouraging them to eat things sacrificed to idols.

21-22 Before Jesus tells the Christians in Thyatira what they must do; He first tells them what He will do.

  • Jesus tells the Christians in Thyatira that He gave Jezebel a chance to repent and she ignored him.
  • Because they have allowed this sin inside the Church, Jesus will make her and all those who follow her, sick.
  • Jesus will chastise this Jezebel and cast her into a sickbed, along with those who commit adultery with her.
  • Perhaps an affliction upon those who follow Jezebel will bring them to repent!

23 Jesus continued with how he will chastise the Jezebel.

  • I will kill Jezebel’s children with death!
  • He was speaking of the 2nd death.
  • “All men die, but all are not killed with death”.
  • This 2nd death means that Jezebel and all who follow her will be cast into the Lake of Fire at the end of times.
  • They will enter eternal death and no eternal life.
  • We all need to make sure we are not following a person like this Jezebel.
  • And if we are, repent!

24-26 Those who overcome until the end will be given power over the nations

The Christians in Thyatira who overcome until the end will be given power over the nations.

  • Power over the nations in order to dash them to pieces with a rule of a rod of iron.
  • They will also be given the “morning star.”
  • Jesus gives Christians the reward of being rulers along side of Him and are given the promise of eternal life with Him.
  • Rod of iron – In the millennial kingdom Jesus will rule and those against him will not be tolerated but killed.

27-29 Message is given to all Churches throughout history.

  • Notice this message is not just given to this one Church of Thyatira, but to churches, (plural) throughout history.
  • Everyone needs to read all the letters that were written to the churches.
  • Stay faithful, stand strong in Jesus until he comes again and raises us to life eternal.
  • We must take heed to the warnings.
  • Further more, open the ears of our heart and receive Jesus in His fullness.

Prayer – God Has Made It Possible

Revelation 2:12-17

Church in Pergamos

The Church of Pergamos was praised for their good works in city where Satan’s seat is located

Revelation 2:12-17

  • 12And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write; These things saith he which hath the sharp sword with two edges;
  • 13I know thy works, and where thou dwellest, even where Satan’s seat is: and thou holdest fast my name, and hast not denied my faith, even in those days wherein Antipas was my faithful martyr, who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth.

The Church of Pergamos was admonished for having a false god

Revelation 2:14-17

  • 14 But I have a few things against thee, because thou hast there them that hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac to cast a stumbling block before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed unto idols, and to commit fornication.
  • 15 So hast thou also them that hold the doctrine of the Nicolaitans, which thing I hate.
  • 16 Repent; or else I will come unto thee quickly and will fight against them with the sword of my mouth.
  • 17 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth it.

Read complete chapter here:

Wooden picture of Jesus with outstretched arms.
Text the Revelation of Jesus Christ
Revelation 2:12-17
Revelation 2:12-17

Revelation 2:12-17

The city of Pergamos was the political capital of the Roman Province of Asia the less.

  • The City of Pergamos was well known for its culture and education.
  • Pergamos was also a pagan city.
  • In fact, they had idolatry temples to Greek and Roman gods.

12 John is now explaining to the church of Pergamos that it is the Lord that is dictating the note

  • John is only penning the note as Jesus directed.
  • Jesus had a 2-edged sword come out of his mouth in Revelation 1:16.
  • Furthermore, Jesus will confront this church with His word, and they will feel the sharp edges (sharpness of his words).

Jesus sees everything!

13 I know your works – Jesus sees everything!

  • Jesus praises them. Even though they are in the middle of a pagan city with idolatry surrounding them, they do not deny the name of Jesus.
  • Also, they have kept their faith.
  • Jesus, with his two-edged sword tells that I know where you live.
  • So, where is it that they live? They live in the place Satan has his throne. (Today it is modern day Bergama, Turkey)
  • Jesus knows they are true to him and that they don’t keep the fact hidden.
  • The faithful martyr Antipas set a good example for them by following and living a life like Jesus.
  • In fact, because of Antipas’ belief in Jesus, the people of Pergamos killed him.
  • But, God saw that the Church of Pergamos remained open, in spite of possible harm or death.
  • Furthermore, they also stood strong in faith.
  • Despite living in such a difficult city, the Christians of Paramos held fast to their faith in Jesus.
  • Once again, Jesus says your city where Satan lives.

God admonishes the Church of Pergamos

Some hold the teaching of Balaam and some the teaching of the Nicolaitans.

14 The church people were mostly godly. However, there were a few things that God reprimanded.

  • In fact, some held the doctrine of Balaam (a false god) eating things sacrificed to idols and having sexual immortality.
  • Because of this, God says they are to repent of the practices.
  • However, if they don’t repent Jesus will come quickly and chastise them with judgement.

15 God then tells the Church of Pergamos that he hates the works of the Nicolaitans.

  • See Revelation 2:6. You also hate what the Nicolaitans do.
  • Even though they hate what the Nicolaitans’ do, the Pergamos Church allow them to be members.
  • However, God tells them that He sees what they are do and says it must stop.

Turn away from evil

16 They must repent, or judgement will come against them.

  • Repent means to be truly sorry and turn away from evil.
  • Go a new direction.
  • That is to say, walk in right standing with the Lord.

The sword that Jesus use is symbolic

  • Although the sword is symbolic, it is mighty.
  • The 2 edged-sword that Jesus fights with is His Word.
  • There is nothing more powerful than the Word of God.
  • It cuts quickly and deeply in judgment – so Jesus’ word could be called the sword of judgement.

17 Jesus gives the same message to the Church in Pergamos as to the previous churches.

  • All who have an ear to hear – listen and obey!
  • Then, Jesus gives the promise of a reward.
  • That is, only if they overcome the evil in their church.
  • As a result, God will provide for them.

Manna and a white stone – a promise from God

  • The hidden manna to eat and a white stone with a secret name on it.
  • To be truthful, each one holds merit.
  • And so until we actually reach heaven, we can’t know for sure what they represent.
  • However, God gave us the scripture, so with the help of the Holy Spirit, we can understand, as a human.
  • As with all of my notes, you should also study on your own and chose what seems like the “truth” to you.

Hidden Manna

  • In this case, the hidden manna is Jesus.
  • That is to say, the people will eat the hidden manna. (We can ingest Jesus into our lives).
  • In other words, if the people are successful in overcoming obstacles in their church, they will receive Jesus.
  • As a result, the Lord promises to give himself to those that can conquer over evil.
  • We also know from scripture that Jesus is the ark, the oil, the rod, the testimony, and the manna.

White Stone

There are many suggestions as to what the white stone could be.

  • The white stone, with a new name written on it, is a blessing.
  • In fact, Jesus writes his name on the saints foreheads (Revelation 3:12, Revelation 14:1,20).
  • In this case, they are the people who are victorious over evil.
  • The white stone may be a brilliant light that Jesus gives to his people.
  • Because we know that Jesus is light himself, perhaps each believer will receive his personal name.
  • It could be written on the white stone.
  • However, we must feed daily on his words and, stay true to Him.

Jesus has not given up on the Church of Pergamos. He just wants them to change their ways.

Revelation 2:12-17

Do you want to know Jesus better? What is Salvation? Salvation by the Grace of God – Titus 2: 11-14

Revelation 2:8-11

Church in Smyrna

Revelation 2:8-11- Church of Smyrna

  • 8 And unto the angel of the church in Smyrna write; These things saith the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive;
  • 9 I know thy works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but thou art rich) and I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan.
  • 10 Fear none of those things which thou shalt suffer: behold, the devil shall cast some of you into prison, that ye may be tried; and ye shall have tribulation ten days: be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life.
  • 11 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; He that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second death.
  • Read the complete chapter here:
Revelation 2:8-11- Church of Smyrna
Revelation 2:8-11

Revelation 2:8-11- Church of Smyrna

8 The city of Smyrna was a trade city which was full of wealth and commercial greediness.

It is a city of idolatry and although the unrighteous people were worshipping the idols, the Christians refused.

John is explaining to the church of Smyrna that it is the Lord that is dictating the note to them.

  • God is known by the names: the first and the last.
  • Jesus was killed and he rose to life again.
  • And because Jesus rose again, he received the name: the one who died and yet, is now alive again.
  • That is to say, it is the Lord Jesus Christ who is dictating the note from the Father to John.
  • As a result, John is only penning the note as directed.

9 Jesus praises the Church of Smyrna for being poor but in truth rich.

  • Jesus tells the Church of Smyrna that although impoverished and in tribulation, they are rich in spirit.
  • However, many non-Christian Jewish people lived in Smyrna and were treating the Church poorly.
  • Jesus see’s what the Church has to endure by the hand of these so called “Jews”.
  • The people that Jesus calls the so called Jews, are the ones bringing trouble.
  • That is to say, they declared themselves to be true believers in God.
  • They are not! They belong to Satan!
  • Christ tells the Church of Smyrna that in the days coming, the Church will suffer persecution.
  • The devil is going to cast some of them into prison.

10 Jesus tells the Church of Smyrna not to fear.

  • Do not fear, even when thrown into jail for 10 days.
  • Jesus told the Church that the devil will cast some of you into prison.
  • The reason for the imprisonment is to test their commitment to Jesus.
  • This statement would have given the Church some comfort.
  • Knowing that Jesus knew what was about to happen and exactly how long they would have to stay there.
  • There are many different opinions as to what the 10 days mean.
  • Some believe the 10 days may have referred to 10 years.
  • Whatever it meant, it was a time they were not to fear because God was (and is) in control.

Jesus says, those who are faithful until death will be given the crown of life (an eternity in heaven with God).

  • Christians will receive trials and tribulations.
  • Even today, Christians are not exempt from bad things happening.
  • However, those who remain believing in Jesus will not be hurt by the second death.
  • The 2nd death means separation from God – an eternity in Hell.

Jesus did not chastised the Smyrna Church.

  • Jesus encourages them to remain faithful to death and has promised if they do that, they will receive a crown of life (eternal life with Him).
  • The Church may have been tested in life but, they obviously passed. God was pleased with the Church of Smyrna.

11 An ear to hear – this message is to all Christians’ through-out history.

  • Overcome.
  • Stand strong.
  • Keep the faith.
  • If they do this, they will not have to endure the 2nd death.

Revelation of Jesus Christ How Can A Christian Live In A Fallen World?