Revelation 3:1-6

Revelation 3:1-6 – Church in Sardis

Revelation 3:1-6

The Church that seem alive but had fallen asleep.

  • 1 And unto the angel of the church in Sardis write; These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars; I know thy works, that thou hast a name that thou livest, and art dead.
  • 2 Be watchful, and strengthen the things which remain, that are ready to die: for I have not found thy works perfect before God.
  • 3 Remember therefore how thou hast received and heard, and hold fast, and repent. If therefore thou shalt not watch, I will come on thee as a thief, and thou shalt not know what hour I will come upon thee.
  • 4 Thou hast a few names even in Sardis which have not defiled their garments; and they shall walk with me in white: for they are worthy.
  • 5 He that overcometh, the same shall be clothed in white raiment; and I will not blot out his name out of the book of life, but I will confess his name before my Father and before his angels.
  • 6 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.
  • Read complete chapter here:
Wooden carving of Jesus with outstretched arms.  Text The Revelation of Jesus Christ - The Church in Sardis
Revelation 3:1-6 – Church in Sardis

Sardis was a wealthy city, but it was starting to decline.

  • The Church of Sardis was becoming a place of immorality and idolatry.
  • Jesus asks John to write a letter to the head leader (angel) of the Church.
  • Jesus is calling the leader an angel – he is not writing to an angel in heaven.

1 John write to the church of Sardis, that it is the Lord that is dictating the note.

  • Jesus, the one with the seven Spirits of God and the seven Stars is speaking.
  • John is only penning the note as directed.
  • Jesus describes himself: The number seven in the Bible describes completeness.
  • Jesus is saying that He is the fullness of God and the Church.
  • He tells them – you have a name that lives but you are dead.
  • See Revelation1:20 Revelation 1:8-20

2-3 I know your works – Jesus see’s all.

  • The Lord wants “works” that produce fruit, meaning they are not showing a good example of how a Christian should live.
  • We do not receive salvation from works however, God likes to see our works that bring salvation to others.

What Jesus has against them.

  • If you looked at the Church of Sardis, you would see signs of life and vitality, but they were dead (not all were living like a true Christian should).
  • In the church of Sardis, like the city of Sardis, everything seemed alive and good.
  • However, despite how they looked, their works haven’t been perfect before God.
  • They had lost their exuberance (life) in Jesus.

The first instruction from Jesus tells them to watchful and strengthened.

  • They need to examine and protect; strengthening what they have.
  • Obviously, it wasn’t too late to repent and change back to they way they were when they first accepted Jesus.

4 You have a few names.

  • Apparently only a few people in the Sardis Church, are still faithful to Jesus.
  • Jesus is happy with those few and finds them worthy for eternal life.

5 Rev.3:5 seems to imply that if we fall from grace our names will be erased from the book of life.

  • That is not the case!
  • He will “not blot it out” does not mean that he may blot it out.

Jesus is saying that he will not ever blot out the name of the righteous (a true Christian)!

  • God wrote the names in the book of life and those names will stay eternally.
  • God does not remove or add names to the book of life; ever!
  • If your name is already in the book, it will never be erased.
  • A true believer is righteous (good) and God knew that from the beginning of time.

God wrote names in the book of life even before time and creation existed.

  • Because God lives in eternity, he knew who would love him and those who would not.
  • God knew: the people who would be truly righteous.
  • And those who would accept salvation based on Jesus’ work on the cross.
  • God wrote the names of believers in the book of life, before he even created humans.
  • So, the Lord does not have to blot anyone’s name out.
  • Names of the unrighteous would not be in the book.
  • Names can never be added nor taken away from the Book of Life.

As an example:

  • The Lord once said to Moses “whosoever hath sinned against me, him will I blot out of my book”.
  • So, Moses asked God – if you can’t take away the people’s sins, then please blot my name from the book of life.
  • Moses was asking God to allow him to pay for the people’s sin.(Exodus 32:33)
  • However, we now know that a person cannot pay a penalty for someone else’s sin.
  • Jesus is the only one who can take away people’s sins.
  • Those who sin against God will not have their names written in the book in the first place.

Jesus gives hope to those who repent and overcome sin.

  • The offer of salvation is open to everyone.
  • However, God has given us free-will and we can chose how we want to live life.
  • Our Heavenly Father knows who will accept that offering.
  • Your name may be written in the book of life and you have been holding back.
  • If you’re sitting on the fence, jump off and accept Jesus.
  • Even after the rapture, many will come to Jesus, but it will be very hard to do so.
  • Now, today is the day!
  • Jesus will stand up for the righteous on judgement day, because He says he will.
  • The Lord Jesus will go before God and his angels and confess the names of the righteous.
  • However, as each day passes the window of opportunity is closing.
  • Soon it may be too late.
  • Confess and repent now!
  • Allow Jesus to be your Saviour for life eternal.

6 An invitation is given to all who have ears.

  • Listen to what Jesus said to the Churches.
  • And follow.

Prayer for Salvation Who am I worshipping? JEREMIAH 10: 6-7

Revelation 2:18-19

Revelation 2:18-19- Church in Thyatira

Revelation 2:18-19 – The Church praised for their way of life

  • 18 And unto the angel of the church in Thyatira write; These things saith the Son of God, who hath his eyes like unto a flame of fire, and his feet are like fine brass;
  • 19 I know thy works, and charity, and service, and faith, and thy patience, and thy works; and the last to be more than the first.

Revelation 2:20-24 – I have a few things against thee

  • 20 Notwithstanding I have a few things against thee, because thou sufferest that woman Jezebel, which calleth herself a prophetess, to teach and to seduce my servants to commit fornication, and to eat things sacrificed unto idols.
  • 21 And I gave her space to repent of her fornication; and she repented not.
  • 22 Behold, I will cast her into a bed, and them that commit adultery with her into great tribulation, except they repent of their deeds.
  • 23 And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches shall know that I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts: and I will give unto every one of you according to your works.
  • 24 But unto you I say, and unto the rest in Thyatira, as many as have not this doctrine, and which have not known the depths of Satan, as they speak; I will put upon you none other burden.

Revelation 2:25-29 You already hold fast

  • 25 But that which ye have already hold fast till I come.
  • 26 And he that overcometh, and keepeth my works unto the end, to him will I give power over the nations:
  • 27 And he shall rule them with a rod of iron; as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to shivers: even as I received of my Father.
  • 28 And I will give him the morning star.
  • 29 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.
  • Read the complete chapter here:
Carved Picture of Jesus with outstretched arms.  Text: The Revelation of Jesus Christ.  Revelation 2:18-29
Revelation 2:18-29

Revelation 2:18-19

The city of Thyatira was a business and trade center

  • The city of Thyatira was so small, there are no church records.
  • Some say that Thyatira didn’t even exist.
  • Others say perhaps it was not a Church but instead, a time 600AD-1500AD – The Dark Ages.
  • Regardless – Jesus had John write to this Church for a reason.
  • So, today, it is a message we must also read and have an ear to hear.

18 John is explaining to the Church of Thyatira that it is the Son of God (himself) that is dictating the note.

  • Jesus is dictating and John is only penning the note as directed.
  • Jesus describes his own divine nature:
  • Eyes – Jesus has penetrating eyes that see everything (even the hidden things).
  • Feet – brass – refined by fire, pure and strong.

19 The Church are praised for their works, love, service, faith, patience.

  • Jesus praises the church for their works two times in verse 19.
  • Even though they may have been small, (who or whatever they were) – Jesus knows what they have been doing.
  • Perhaps the first time “works” is mentioned, He was saying I have seen all the works (good and bad) you have been doing.
  • And then when using the word works a second time, he was speaking of the more commendable works they were now doing, as they were growing.

The last more than the first.

  • They had retained what they began with and then continued to grow in grace and in the love of Jesus and in their works.
  • Most Churches over time lose the fire they start with, but this Church had kept the fire and it had grown even more as time went on.
  • Apparently, to keep the fire going and continue to grow is a rare find in a Church!

20 Then they are told that Jesus has a few things against them.

  • They are told to repent for allowing Jezebel a “prophetess” into their Church.
  • Jesus tells them she is not even a prophetess, even though the Church has accepted her as one.

Jesus tells them the specific things she is doing, which is unacceptable to God, yet the Church is allowing.

  • Promoting sexual immorality.
  • Encouraging them to eat things sacrificed to idols.

21-22 Before Jesus tells the Christians in Thyatira what they must do; He first tells them what He will do.

  • Jesus tells the Christians in Thyatira that He gave Jezebel a chance to repent and she ignored him.
  • Because they have allowed this sin inside the Church, Jesus will make her and all those who follow her, sick.
  • Jesus will chastise this Jezebel and cast her into a sickbed, along with those who commit adultery with her.
  • Perhaps an affliction upon those who follow Jezebel will bring them to repent!

23 Jesus continued with how he will chastise the Jezebel.

  • I will kill Jezebel’s children with death!
  • He was speaking of the 2nd death.
  • “All men die, but all are not killed with death”.
  • This 2nd death means that Jezebel and all who follow her will be cast into the Lake of Fire at the end of times.
  • They will enter eternal death and no eternal life.
  • We all need to make sure we are not following a person like this Jezebel.
  • And if we are, repent!

24-26 Those who overcome until the end will be given power over the nations

The Christians in Thyatira who overcome until the end will be given power over the nations.

  • Power over the nations in order to dash them to pieces with a rule of a rod of iron.
  • They will also be given the “morning star.”
  • Jesus gives Christians the reward of being rulers along side of Him and are given the promise of eternal life with Him.
  • Rod of iron – In the millennial kingdom Jesus will rule and those against him will not be tolerated but killed.

27-29 Message is given to all Churches throughout history.

  • Notice this message is not just given to this one Church of Thyatira, but to churches, (plural) throughout history.
  • Everyone needs to read all the letters that were written to the churches.
  • Stay faithful, stand strong in Jesus until he comes again and raises us to life eternal.
  • We must take heed to the warnings.
  • Further more, open the ears of our heart and receive Jesus in His fullness.

Prayer – God Has Made It Possible

Revelation 2:12-17

Church in Pergamos

The Church of Pergamos was praised for their good works in city where Satan’s seat is located

Revelation 2:12-17

  • 12And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write; These things saith he which hath the sharp sword with two edges;
  • 13I know thy works, and where thou dwellest, even where Satan’s seat is: and thou holdest fast my name, and hast not denied my faith, even in those days wherein Antipas was my faithful martyr, who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth.

The Church of Pergamos was admonished for having a false god

Revelation 2:14-17

  • 14 But I have a few things against thee, because thou hast there them that hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac to cast a stumbling block before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed unto idols, and to commit fornication.
  • 15 So hast thou also them that hold the doctrine of the Nicolaitans, which thing I hate.
  • 16 Repent; or else I will come unto thee quickly and will fight against them with the sword of my mouth.
  • 17 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth it.

Read complete chapter here:

Wooden picture of Jesus with outstretched arms.
Text the Revelation of Jesus Christ
Revelation 2:12-17
Revelation 2:12-17

Revelation 2:12-17

The city of Pergamos was the political capital of the Roman Province of Asia the less.

  • The City of Pergamos was well known for its culture and education.
  • Pergamos was also a pagan city.
  • In fact, they had idolatry temples to Greek and Roman gods.

12 John is now explaining to the church of Pergamos that it is the Lord that is dictating the note

  • John is only penning the note as Jesus directed.
  • Jesus had a 2-edged sword come out of his mouth in Revelation 1:16.
  • Furthermore, Jesus will confront this church with His word, and they will feel the sharp edges (sharpness of his words).

Jesus sees everything!

13 I know your works – Jesus sees everything!

  • Jesus praises them. Even though they are in the middle of a pagan city with idolatry surrounding them, they do not deny the name of Jesus.
  • Also, they have kept their faith.
  • Jesus, with his two-edged sword tells that I know where you live.
  • So, where is it that they live? They live in the place Satan has his throne. (Today it is modern day Bergama, Turkey)
  • Jesus knows they are true to him and that they don’t keep the fact hidden.
  • The faithful martyr Antipas set a good example for them by following and living a life like Jesus.
  • In fact, because of Antipas’ belief in Jesus, the people of Pergamos killed him.
  • But, God saw that the Church of Pergamos remained open, in spite of possible harm or death.
  • Furthermore, they also stood strong in faith.
  • Despite living in such a difficult city, the Christians of Paramos held fast to their faith in Jesus.
  • Once again, Jesus says your city where Satan lives.

God admonishes the Church of Pergamos

Some hold the teaching of Balaam and some the teaching of the Nicolaitans.

14 The church people were mostly godly. However, there were a few things that God reprimanded.

  • In fact, some held the doctrine of Balaam (a false god) eating things sacrificed to idols and having sexual immortality.
  • Because of this, God says they are to repent of the practices.
  • However, if they don’t repent Jesus will come quickly and chastise them with judgement.

15 God then tells the Church of Pergamos that he hates the works of the Nicolaitans.

  • See Revelation 2:6. You also hate what the Nicolaitans do.
  • Even though they hate what the Nicolaitans’ do, the Pergamos Church allow them to be members.
  • However, God tells them that He sees what they are do and says it must stop.

Turn away from evil

16 They must repent, or judgement will come against them.

  • Repent means to be truly sorry and turn away from evil.
  • Go a new direction.
  • That is to say, walk in right standing with the Lord.

The sword that Jesus use is symbolic

  • Although the sword is symbolic, it is mighty.
  • The 2 edged-sword that Jesus fights with is His Word.
  • There is nothing more powerful than the Word of God.
  • It cuts quickly and deeply in judgment – so Jesus’ word could be called the sword of judgement.

17 Jesus gives the same message to the Church in Pergamos as to the previous churches.

  • All who have an ear to hear – listen and obey!
  • Then, Jesus gives the promise of a reward.
  • That is, only if they overcome the evil in their church.
  • As a result, God will provide for them.

Manna and a white stone – a promise from God

  • The hidden manna to eat and a white stone with a secret name on it.
  • To be truthful, each one holds merit.
  • And so until we actually reach heaven, we can’t know for sure what they represent.
  • However, God gave us the scripture, so with the help of the Holy Spirit, we can understand, as a human.
  • As with all of my notes, you should also study on your own and chose what seems like the “truth” to you.

Hidden Manna

  • In this case, the hidden manna is Jesus.
  • That is to say, the people will eat the hidden manna. (We can ingest Jesus into our lives).
  • In other words, if the people are successful in overcoming obstacles in their church, they will receive Jesus.
  • As a result, the Lord promises to give himself to those that can conquer over evil.
  • We also know from scripture that Jesus is the ark, the oil, the rod, the testimony, and the manna.

White Stone

There are many suggestions as to what the white stone could be.

  • The white stone, with a new name written on it, is a blessing.
  • In fact, Jesus writes his name on the saints foreheads (Revelation 3:12, Revelation 14:1,20).
  • In this case, they are the people who are victorious over evil.
  • The white stone may be a brilliant light that Jesus gives to his people.
  • Because we know that Jesus is light himself, perhaps each believer will receive his personal name.
  • It could be written on the white stone.
  • However, we must feed daily on his words and, stay true to Him.

Jesus has not given up on the Church of Pergamos. He just wants them to change their ways.

Revelation 2:12-17

Do you want to know Jesus better? What is Salvation? Salvation by the Grace of God – Titus 2: 11-14

Revelation 2:8-11

Church in Smyrna

Revelation 2:8-11- Church of Smyrna

  • 8 And unto the angel of the church in Smyrna write; These things saith the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive;
  • 9 I know thy works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but thou art rich) and I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan.
  • 10 Fear none of those things which thou shalt suffer: behold, the devil shall cast some of you into prison, that ye may be tried; and ye shall have tribulation ten days: be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life.
  • 11 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; He that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second death.
  • Read the complete chapter here:
Revelation 2:8-11- Church of Smyrna
Revelation 2:8-11

Revelation 2:8-11- Church of Smyrna

8 The city of Smyrna was a trade city which was full of wealth and commercial greediness.

It is a city of idolatry and although the unrighteous people were worshipping the idols, the Christians refused.

John is explaining to the church of Smyrna that it is the Lord that is dictating the note to them.

  • God is known by the names: the first and the last.
  • Jesus was killed and he rose to life again.
  • And because Jesus rose again, he received the name: the one who died and yet, is now alive again.
  • That is to say, it is the Lord Jesus Christ who is dictating the note from the Father to John.
  • As a result, John is only penning the note as directed.

9 Jesus praises the Church of Smyrna for being poor but in truth rich.

  • Jesus tells the Church of Smyrna that although impoverished and in tribulation, they are rich in spirit.
  • However, many non-Christian Jewish people lived in Smyrna and were treating the Church poorly.
  • Jesus see’s what the Church has to endure by the hand of these so called “Jews”.
  • The people that Jesus calls the so called Jews, are the ones bringing trouble.
  • That is to say, they declared themselves to be true believers in God.
  • They are not! They belong to Satan!
  • Christ tells the Church of Smyrna that in the days coming, the Church will suffer persecution.
  • The devil is going to cast some of them into prison.

10 Jesus tells the Church of Smyrna not to fear.

  • Do not fear, even when thrown into jail for 10 days.
  • Jesus told the Church that the devil will cast some of you into prison.
  • The reason for the imprisonment is to test their commitment to Jesus.
  • This statement would have given the Church some comfort.
  • Knowing that Jesus knew what was about to happen and exactly how long they would have to stay there.
  • There are many different opinions as to what the 10 days mean.
  • Some believe the 10 days may have referred to 10 years.
  • Whatever it meant, it was a time they were not to fear because God was (and is) in control.

Jesus says, those who are faithful until death will be given the crown of life (an eternity in heaven with God).

  • Christians will receive trials and tribulations.
  • Even today, Christians are not exempt from bad things happening.
  • However, those who remain believing in Jesus will not be hurt by the second death.
  • The 2nd death means separation from God – an eternity in Hell.

Jesus did not chastised the Smyrna Church.

  • Jesus encourages them to remain faithful to death and has promised if they do that, they will receive a crown of life (eternal life with Him).
  • The Church may have been tested in life but, they obviously passed. God was pleased with the Church of Smyrna.

11 An ear to hear – this message is to all Christians’ through-out history.

  • Overcome.
  • Stand strong.
  • Keep the faith.
  • If they do this, they will not have to endure the 2nd death.

Revelation of Jesus Christ How Can A Christian Live In A Fallen World?

Revelation 2:1-7

Letters to the Church in Ephesus

  • Revelation 2:1-7-Church of Ephesus
  • 1 Unto the angel of the church of Ephesus write; These things saith he that holdeth the seven stars in his right hand, who walketh in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks;
  • 2 I know thy works, and thy labour, and thy patience, and how thou canst not bear them which are evil: and thou hast tried them which say they are apostles, and are not, and hast found them liars:
  • 3 And hast borne, and hast patience, and for my name’s sake hast laboured, and hast not fainted.
  • 4 Nevertheless I have somewhat against thee, because thou hast left thy first love.
  • 5 Remember therefore from whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do the first works; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will remove thy candlestick out of his place, except thou repent.
  • 6 But this thou hast, that thou hatest the deeds of the Nicolaitans, which I also hate.
  • 7 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God.
  • Read complete chapter here:
Picture of Jesus Revelation 2:1-7-Church of Ephesus
Revelation 2:1-7

In Revelation 2:1-7-Church of Ephesus -although the letters to the churches happened in the past, they are messages that are important for us today.

  • These are ongoing messages that every era should live by.
  • The 7 churches mentioned in Revelation 2 and 3 were all in Asia Minor, which is present day Turkey.

Revelation 2:1-7-Church of Ephesus

1 John is explaining to the church of Ephesus that it is Christ that is writing to seven stars (the leaders of seven Churches) and they are to read the notes to their candlesticks (the people – their “Church”).

  • Many evil people lived in the city of Ephesus .
  • Jesus says he is “in the midst of the “Church” of the people and holding them securely.
  • I know your works – we must always remember that Jesus see’s everything.

2-3 God is praising the Church of Ephesus for having endured hardships and not grown tired.

  • God praises the congregation of the Ephesus Church, for not putting up with the evil people.
  • Even though the church of Ephesus is standing solid amid evil.
  • Furthermore, the Lord praised the church for testing those who say they are apostles and are not.
  • And then finding them to be liars.
  • Praised for having stayed true to God, for their patience and that have not stopped grown tired of living for Jesus.

4 Never-the-less – there was something bad within them that Jesus also saw.

  • God tells the Ephesus church to “do the first works” and to repent for having left their “first love”.
  • Because, they have fallen somewhat.
  • Some of the goodness remains, but they are drifting away.
  • However, enough of their faith remains that they couldn’t tolerate evil.
  • Then, the Lord explains to the Ephesus church that they are not quite up to the standard of faith they had been.

5 God tells the people to remember back to when they were first saved (the happiness, love and joy they felt).

  • Especially remember their willingness and obedience.
  • That is to say, go back to those feelings and repent that they have fallen somewhat.
  • If they don’t repent and “step up” then God will remove the candle (Jesus Christ) from them.

6. One of the first seven men ordained to the diaconate was Nicolas.

Who were the Nicolaitans that Jesus speaks of? (Also seen in Revelation 2:15)

  • Diaconates were leaders (like Deacons) elected by the apostles to minister to the community of believers in Jerusalem.
  • Further more, it was their job was to enable the apostles to concentrate on ‘prayer and the ministry of the word’.

Nicolas’ many followers were called the Nicolaitans. However, they had fallen away from the correct doctrine and were inventing their own “better” version of Christianity.

  • God tells the Church of Ephesus that he hates the works of the Nicolaitans.
  • And tells the Church that he sees that they also hate the deeds of the Nicolaitans.

7 A note for all Christians (not just the Church of Ephesus).

  • Everyone who hears this message; let them listen to what the Spirit said to ALL the Churches.
  • All people (throughout history) who reads or hears this message – pay attention!
  • Those who belong to Jesus and can overcome the earthly sins are granted to eat from the tree of life, which is amid the Paradise of God (heaven).

What is Salvation?

Revelation 1:8-20

Revelation 1:8-20 – John see’s Jesus

Revelation 1:8-20 Sees Jesus

  • 8 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning, and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.
  • 9 I John, who also am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was in the isle that is called Patmos, for the word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus Christ.
  • 10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet,
  • 11 Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea.
  • 12 And I turned to see the voice that spake with me. And being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks;
  • 13 And in the midst of the seven candlesticks one like unto the Son of man, clothed with a garment down to the foot, and girt about the paps with a golden girdle.
  • 14 His head and his hairs were white like wool, as white as snow; and his eyes were as a flame of fire;
  • 15 And his feet like unto fine brass, as if they burned in a furnace; and his voice as the sound of many waters.
  • 16 And he had in his right hand seven stars: and out of his mouth went a sharp twoedged sword: and his countenance was as the sun shineth in his strength.
  • 17 And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last:
  • 18 I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.
  • 19 Write the things which thou hast seen, and the things which are, and the things which shall be hereafter;
  • 20 The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches.
  • Read complete chapter here:
Picture of Jesus with text Rev.1:8-20
Revelation 1:8-20

Revelation 1:8-20 Sees Jesus

The letters of Revelation 1:8-20 to the Churches follow a common pattern:

  • The Lord first addresses each church and identifies himself.
  • Then defines things that he knows about the church in question.
  • Afterwards, the Lord gives a challenge or reproach.
  • Followed by a promise.
  • God includes a caution to each church. “He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches”, although sometimes this comes before the promise and sometimes after.

God instructs John to write to the seven Churches of Asia everything that he has seen and heard.

  • Although the letters differ in length in accordance with the needs of each community, all conclude with an appeal to hold fast and to listen to what the Spirit is saying to the churches.
  • That is to say, that Christ promises the churches that every person who conquers their failures, will be rewarded.

At the time of this message, there were about sixty church’s in Asia . Meaning, we must realize that the seven were chosen specifically for their type of worship.

  • John did not choose which of the churches to write to, Jesus did.

The Lords message were not given to any one church, but to the seven different churches in John’s era. (plural).

  • We (even today) must take heed to the warnings of the Lord’s message.
  • That is to say, open the ears of our heart and receive Jesus in His fullness.

8. Alpha and Omega.

  • God is the beginning and is the end which denotes God is the whole.

Beginning and the end – which is and was and which is yet to come.

  • These titles apply to, who God is right now, always was and always will be in the future.
  • That is to say, this title is applied to the Father, Holy Spirit and Jesus as they are part of the trinity of God.
  • Jesus will be reigning over people in the future.
  • God is the Almighty.
  • Also, God (Father, Son and Holy Spirit) is all powerful.
  • The Revelation is coming. So, prepare yourself, by reading the Book of Revelation.

9. So John begins writing.

Companion in tribes and in kingdom.

  • John is a Christian suffering persecution which other Christians also suffer.
  • Christians are a group that spreads the Good News of Jesus Christ.

Patience of Jesus.

  • John is bearing what he (and other Christians) must bear just as Jesus did.

Island of Patmos for the word of God and test of Jesus Christ.

  • John was spreading the word of God to all people. Because of that, the Romans banished John to prison.
  • And for preaching about Jesus Christ, as the Son of God.

10. John tells us he was under the influence of the Holy Spirit on the Lords Day.

After Christ died the apostles kept the Sabbath.

  • In Acts 3:1 Peter and John went to the Temple.
  • It was 3 o’clock in the afternoon when they went into the Temple to attend the prayer service.
  • When the sacrifices were taking place, Peter and John were not inside the Temple,
  • In other words, they were only entering the Temple for the daily prayer service.
  • The apostles kept one day per week as the Lords Day.

Does it matter which day we hold Church Service on?

  • Most Christians meet on the first day of the week (Sunday) because that’s the day Jesus rose from the grave.
  • Christians should always set aside one day of the week, as the Lord’s day.
  • Apart from the Lord’s Day, Christians should use every day to praise and worship the Lord. In other words, not just on one day per week.

Revelation 1:10 A great voice sounded like a trumpet.

  • A voice like a trumpet was meant to get John to pay attention.
  • Moses was also called by a voice like a trumpet when he was to receive the 10 Commandments.
  • This voice came suddenly however, John already knew he was in Divine Inspiration.
  • Revelation 1:8-20 Sees Jesus

11. I am Alpha. (See 1:8 above)

Write in a book what you see.

  • John is being told to write as it is presented to him.
  • We must keep in mind everything that John is seeing, hearing, and experiencing. As a result, he is trying to describe from his own perspective. That is to say, from his own era.
  • He is directed to write about it and then send it to the 7 Churches.

12. John turned to see who spoke to him and saw 7 golden candlesticks.

  • The lamps represent the 7 Churches that John was to write letters to.
  • As for the candlesticks, they emitted the light of God that shone in them.
  • Furthermore, golden usually means something precious to God.

The seven candlesticks, we are told here, are the seven churches in John’s era. They are however, symbolic of all churches for then and now.

  • The Church is not the building but the people (Christians).
  • A candlestick is not a light. It is however, the holder for the Light.
  • These candlesticks lift the Light up for all to see.
  • Therefore, Christians (candlesticks) are to tell and show others about the Light (Jesus).

13. In the midst stood one like the Son of man.

  • John was at the transfiguration of Jesus and had already seen a glimpse of what Jesus would be like in Heaven.
  • Although John had seen Jesus as Son of man, he is now seeing Him as the second person of the Godhead.

14-15. John describes what Jesus looks like.

  • John’s description gives us a picture of a High Priest in amongst and watching over his people.
  • Jesus was wearing a long garment. In other words, the long garment shows a mark of high authority.
  • Girt about the paps and golden girdle. Also, these items showed the rank of his priesthood.
  • Hair was white. Similarly speaks of as ancient. While the white shows purity.
  • Eyes – flames of fire. As a result, his eyes were all seeing and penetrating.
  • Fine brass feet – fire = judgement.
  • We know that brass was used at Israel’s altar for sacrifices. In the same way, the 7 candlesticks in the Holy Place of the sanctuary in the Old Testament era were used.
  • Voice – very powerful and loud.

16. In Jesus’ right hand he holds 7 stars and out of his mouth went a 2 edged sword – Jesus will interpret these for John.

  • 7 Stars – Are messengers. Although, some believe they are angels. I don’t think they are heavenly angels because Jesus is speaking of the 7 church’s.
  • Most likely, they are (angels) key elders or Pastors/Ministers representing each of the 7 Churches.
  • 2- Edged sword – this sword is the Word of God that comes out of Jesus’ mouth.
  • As a result, the word will pronounce judgement.

Hebrews 4:12

12For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.


17. John was totally overwhelmed by this vision of Jesus.

  • It was so overwhelming that John fainted.
  • Even though John knew Jesus on this earth, seeing Jesus now made John faint.

18. I am he that liveth and have the keys of hell and of death.

Jesus was once dead but now lives forever more.

  • John realizes that he is in the presence of his friend Jesus whom he had known in the flesh and then again at Pentecost.
  • Although John fainted at the sight of Jesus, Jesus confirmed to John that yes he was indeed the Jesus that John knew and loved from earth.
  • I believe Jesus was there to put John at ease in this strange situation.

I have the keys of hell and death.

  • Jesus willingly went to the cross. He gave up his life for our salvation.
  • Because Jesus had the power to die and rise from death, he now has the power and authority to save Christian’s from death.
  • Jesus also holds the key to hell. Many believe Satan holds those keys but he does not.
  • Furthermore, Satan himself will banished to hell, and will not be the leader of it.

19. John is commanded by the Lord, to write regarding the past, present, and future.

  • God has made it clear that the tribulation period coming, will be a horrible time to go through.
  • Further to that, the Lord told John there has never has there been such a time in all the earth’s history.
  • And as a result, there never will be such a time again.

20. Jesus kindly interprets his own hidden images for John.

  • The seven lampstands are the seven churches.
  • In the same way, the stars in his right hand represent the angels the seven churches.
  • People have different opinions who the angels represent.
  • Some people believe because John writes the word “angel” they are guiding angels watching over the churches.
  • Still, other’s believe the angels are leaders/pastors/ministers, the key elders.
  • Why do some people believe they are key elders? Because, the Lord directs John is to write to the angel of each Church.
  • They are representing each of the seven churches because
Picture of Jesus with outstretched arms Text: The Revelation of Jesus Christ
Revelation 1:8-20

Revelation 1:1-7

Revelation 1:1-7 – John tells about this book

Hand drawn picture of Jesus with text Revelation 1:1-7
John tells us about the Revelation of Jesus Christ

Revelation 1:1-7

  • The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to shew unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified it by his angel unto his servant John:
  • 2Who bare record of the word of God, and of the testimony of Jesus Christ, and of all things that he saw.
  • 3Blessed is he that readeth, and they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those things which are written therein: for the time is at hand.
  • 4John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace be unto you, and peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne;
  • 5And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,
  • 6And hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.
  • 7Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen.
  • Read complete chapter here:

Original audience consisted of: 7 Churches of Asia and then out to all believers everywhere.

Date written: Approximately A.D. 85-95 from Patmos.

Roman authorities had exiled John to the island of Patmos, off the coast of Asia.

Chapter one of the Book of Revelation was a spiritual journey into the future.

  • John received a revelation of Christ in all His Glory.
  • He saw into the throne room of Heaven, and he received a supernatural unveiling of God’s end time plan.

1.This is the revelation of Jesus Christ. God gave this revelation to Jesus.

  • Jesus revealed to John what would take place in the future – judgement and the ultimate triumph of God over evil.
  • Jesus sent his angel to show the revelation to John.
  • The Revelation is communicated to John through prophetic visions.
  • We are looking here through John’s eyes as he describes what he sees.

2. John is writing about the testimony of Jesus Christ.

  • He is told to write all that he sees.
  • This is the truth that Jesus Christ told John; it is a message from God.
  • The events are in order according to literary rather than strictly chronologically.

3. This is the only book in the Bible that promises a blessing.

  • To those who reads or listen to the Book of Revelation and does what it says, is blessed.

4. Revelation 1:1-7 says the book was written for the benefit of the 7 Church’s

John wrote the book for the benefit of the 7 Churches of Asia and for all Christian’s through-out history.

Grace be unto you and peace.

  • John, Peter, and Paul used this greeting.
  • It was their way of a Christian “hello”.
  • Everything that John was seeing would be unnerving.
  • Perhaps by Jesus offering the greeting of grace and peace here, from God and the 7 Spirits, it most likely relaxed and calmed John.

What John is about to see will be worse than he has already seen.

  • We must remember that God is always in control, even in the most devastating of times.
  • God uses the events to bring about His will & purposes.

What are the 7 spirits of God?

Revelation 1:4, 3:1, 4:5 and 5:6 all speaks of the 7 spirits of God.

Although not specifically identified they could possibly be:

  • Symbolic of the Holy Spirit (most likely interpretation).
  • Or the #7 represents completion and perfection
  • Or could be 7 angelic beings.

In the Book of Revelation, the 7 Spirits of God are mentioned in:

  • Rev. 1:4 before the throne room.
  • Rev. 3:1 Jesus Christ holds the 7 Spirits of God.
  • Rev. 4:5 seven spirits of God with 7 burning lamps.
  • Rev. 5:6 seven eyes of the Lamb that represent the seven-fold Spirit of God.

We are not specifically told what the 7 Spirits of God are, but it may be symbolic of the Holy Spirit.

  • In the Bible the number 7 shows completeness and perfectness.
  • Completeness and perfectness usually signify the Holy Spirit.
  • If we desire to walk with God, we must have His Holy Spirit living inside of us.
  • Baptism of the Holy Spirit is the Baptism of fire (burning in us).

Isiah 11:2

2And the spirit of theLordshall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of theLord;

Isaiah says the spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him. He tells us the 7 Spirits are:

Spirit of:

  1. The Lord.
  2. Wisdom.
  3. Understanding.
  4. Counsel.
  5. Power.
  6. Knowledge.
  7. Fear of the Lord.

As God has 3 distinct personhoods (Father, Son, Holy Spirit) perhaps the Holy Spirit is one with 7 distinct expressions.

  • The familiar greeting Jesus was giving to John was from the Father and the Holy Spirit and then in verse 5 from Jesus as well.

5. And from Jesus Christ.

  • Jesus tells John exactly who is giving him this revelation.
  • It comes from the faithful witness.

Who is the faithful witness?

  • Jesus is the faithful witness.
  • When Jesus comes back at 2nd coming his banner calls him “faithful and true”.
  • He is the first begotten of the dead.
  • Jesus is called the first fruit.
  • He is the first person to be resurrected – a pattern all Christians will follow.

The prince of the kings of the earth.

  • When Jesus was on earth, he was the prince of all kings on the earth, although not many realized who he really was.
  • Soon, a day will come, when Jesus will return to earth as The King of all Kings.
  • All kings will bow to Jesus, acknowledging he is King. As a result, everyone will bow to Jesus!

Unto him that loved us.

  • God loved us so much He gave his only begotten Son.
  • Jesus loved us so much He gave his life so we could also have life eternal.

And washed us from our sins in his own blood.

  • God had established a covenant with a blood sacrifice.
  • Jesus willingly gave his own life as a blood sacrifice for Christians.
  • His blood has washed us clean from sin.

6. Made us Kings and Priests to God His Father.

  • All those who belong and have their trust in Jesus become heirs to the throne.
  • We can go boldly before the throne of God to obtain mercy and find grace in times of need.

7. When Jesus comes back to earth, he will come in a cloud.

  • As Jesus ascended into heaven 40 days after his resurrection, a cloud hid him from their view.
  • A cloud symbolizes majesty (even pagans saw their deities in clouds).

At his second coming, everyone (regardless Christian or not) will see him.

  • Unlike at the rapture when only those called will meet Jesus.
  • At this point (2nd coming) every eye will see him in His full glory.
  • Everyone will realize that he is coming as a judge.

Pierced Him.

  • Most likely this verse is speaking of the Jews who had him crucified and perhaps those sinners who have rejected him.


  • This may be talking of the 12 tribes of Israel but could also be speaking of everyone on earth.

Wail – Intense grief.

  • The sinners are seeing Jesus is who he has said he is, and now they realize what is in their future.

Even so Amen.

  • Jesus is saying it has come to this, but everyone knew it would come.
  • It is a good plan set in place by the Father and so Jesus will carry it out.
  • Even so – the end comes.
  • Amen – so be it and so it is.
Revelation 1:1-7 Notes

7. When Jesus comes back to earth, he will come in a cloud.

  • As Jesus ascended into heaven 40 days after his resurrection, a cloud hid him from their view.
  • A cloud symbolizes majesty (even pagans saw their deities in clouds).

At his second coming, everyone (regardless Christian or not) will see him.

  • Unlike at the rapture when only those called will meet Jesus.
  • At this point (2nd coming) every eye will see him in His full glory.
  • Everyone will realize that he is coming as a judge.

He ascended into heaven 40 days after his resurrection, a cloud hid him from their view.

  • A cloud symbolizes majesty (even pagans saw their deities in clouds).
  • At his second coming, everyone (regardless Christian or not) will see him.
  • Unlike at the rapture when only those called will meet Jesus.
  • At this point (2nd coming) every eye will see him in His full glory.
  • Everyone will realize that he is coming as a judge.

Prayer for Salvation