Revelation 2:12-17

Church in Pergamos

The Church of Pergamos was praised for their good works in city where Satan’s seat is located

Revelation 2:12-17

  • 12And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write; These things saith he which hath the sharp sword with two edges;
  • 13I know thy works, and where thou dwellest, even where Satan’s seat is: and thou holdest fast my name, and hast not denied my faith, even in those days wherein Antipas was my faithful martyr, who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth.

The Church of Pergamos was admonished for having a false god

Revelation 2:14-17

  • 14 But I have a few things against thee, because thou hast there them that hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac to cast a stumbling block before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed unto idols, and to commit fornication.
  • 15 So hast thou also them that hold the doctrine of the Nicolaitans, which thing I hate.
  • 16 Repent; or else I will come unto thee quickly and will fight against them with the sword of my mouth.
  • 17 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth it.

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Wooden picture of Jesus with outstretched arms.
Text the Revelation of Jesus Christ
Revelation 2:12-17
Revelation 2:12-17

Revelation 2:12-17

The city of Pergamos was the political capital of the Roman Province of Asia the less.

  • The City of Pergamos was well known for its culture and education.
  • Pergamos was also a pagan city.
  • In fact, they had idolatry temples to Greek and Roman gods.

12 John is now explaining to the church of Pergamos that it is the Lord that is dictating the note

  • John is only penning the note as Jesus directed.
  • Jesus had a 2-edged sword come out of his mouth in Revelation 1:16.
  • Furthermore, Jesus will confront this church with His word, and they will feel the sharp edges (sharpness of his words).

Jesus sees everything!

13 I know your works – Jesus sees everything!

  • Jesus praises them. Even though they are in the middle of a pagan city with idolatry surrounding them, they do not deny the name of Jesus.
  • Also, they have kept their faith.
  • Jesus, with his two-edged sword tells that I know where you live.
  • So, where is it that they live? They live in the place Satan has his throne. (Today it is modern day Bergama, Turkey)
  • Jesus knows they are true to him and that they don’t keep the fact hidden.
  • The faithful martyr Antipas set a good example for them by following and living a life like Jesus.
  • In fact, because of Antipas’ belief in Jesus, the people of Pergamos killed him.
  • But, God saw that the Church of Pergamos remained open, in spite of possible harm or death.
  • Furthermore, they also stood strong in faith.
  • Despite living in such a difficult city, the Christians of Paramos held fast to their faith in Jesus.
  • Once again, Jesus says your city where Satan lives.

God admonishes the Church of Pergamos

Some hold the teaching of Balaam and some the teaching of the Nicolaitans.

14 The church people were mostly godly. However, there were a few things that God reprimanded.

  • In fact, some held the doctrine of Balaam (a false god) eating things sacrificed to idols and having sexual immortality.
  • Because of this, God says they are to repent of the practices.
  • However, if they don’t repent Jesus will come quickly and chastise them with judgement.

15 God then tells the Church of Pergamos that he hates the works of the Nicolaitans.

  • See Revelation 2:6. You also hate what the Nicolaitans do.
  • Even though they hate what the Nicolaitans’ do, the Pergamos Church allow them to be members.
  • However, God tells them that He sees what they are do and says it must stop.

Turn away from evil

16 They must repent, or judgement will come against them.

  • Repent means to be truly sorry and turn away from evil.
  • Go a new direction.
  • That is to say, walk in right standing with the Lord.

The sword that Jesus use is symbolic

  • Although the sword is symbolic, it is mighty.
  • The 2 edged-sword that Jesus fights with is His Word.
  • There is nothing more powerful than the Word of God.
  • It cuts quickly and deeply in judgment – so Jesus’ word could be called the sword of judgement.

17 Jesus gives the same message to the Church in Pergamos as to the previous churches.

  • All who have an ear to hear – listen and obey!
  • Then, Jesus gives the promise of a reward.
  • That is, only if they overcome the evil in their church.
  • As a result, God will provide for them.

Manna and a white stone – a promise from God

  • The hidden manna to eat and a white stone with a secret name on it.
  • To be truthful, each one holds merit.
  • And so until we actually reach heaven, we can’t know for sure what they represent.
  • However, God gave us the scripture, so with the help of the Holy Spirit, we can understand, as a human.
  • As with all of my notes, you should also study on your own and chose what seems like the “truth” to you.

Hidden Manna

  • In this case, the hidden manna is Jesus.
  • That is to say, the people will eat the hidden manna. (We can ingest Jesus into our lives).
  • In other words, if the people are successful in overcoming obstacles in their church, they will receive Jesus.
  • As a result, the Lord promises to give himself to those that can conquer over evil.
  • We also know from scripture that Jesus is the ark, the oil, the rod, the testimony, and the manna.

White Stone

There are many suggestions as to what the white stone could be.

  • The white stone, with a new name written on it, is a blessing.
  • In fact, Jesus writes his name on the saints foreheads (Revelation 3:12, Revelation 14:1,20).
  • In this case, they are the people who are victorious over evil.
  • The white stone may be a brilliant light that Jesus gives to his people.
  • Because we know that Jesus is light himself, perhaps each believer will receive his personal name.
  • It could be written on the white stone.
  • However, we must feed daily on his words and, stay true to Him.

Jesus has not given up on the Church of Pergamos. He just wants them to change their ways.

Revelation 2:12-17

Do you want to know Jesus better? What is Salvation? Salvation by the Grace of God – Titus 2: 11-14

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